Jordanian Occupation of Judea and Samaria

Jordanian Occupation Background

The Armistice lines of 1949 (also known as the Green Line) were drawn at the end of Israel’s War of Independence.  These were not final borders, just a demarcation of where the fighting halted. Jordan illegally occupied Judea and Samaria from 1948-1967. The official annexation took place on April 24, 1950. These areas, including the Old City of Jerusalem, which is physically in the Eastern part of Israel’s capital, had been inhabited by Jews for centuries. During this time, Jordan ethnically cleansed the historical heartland of Israel by massacring and/or expelling the Jewish population, making that area Judenrein (Jew-free) for the first time in millennia.

While Jordan annexed the area, only two countries short-term recognized Jordan’s sovereignty over the land – the United Kingdom and Pakistan. It should be noted that Jordan did not, nor did any Palestinian Arab, seek to establish an independent Palestinian Arab state during this time. Indeed, those Arabs living in Judea & Samaria freely became Jordanian citizens.

Within the armistice agreement, free access to holy sites was promised. Jordan did not hold up its end of the bargain.

The destroyed Hurva synagogue
The destroyed Hurva synagogue

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Jordan's Betrayal of the Armistice Agreement:

Israeli convoy during the Six Day War
Israeli convoy during the Six-Day War

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Israeli soldiers feeling elated during the miraculous victory of the Six Day War. Note women and men soldiers fighting together.
Israeli soldiers feeling elated during the miraculous victory of the Six-Day War. Note women and men soldiers
fighting together.

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The temporary cease fire line between Israel and Jordan
The temporary cease fire line between Israel and Jordan

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  • Not only was access to holy sites denied to Jews, but to Christians as well; even the Muslims living in the then sovereign parts of Israel were forbidden to enter the Old City.
  • In addition, Jordan destroyed no less than 58 synagogues and denied Jews access to the Western Wall.
  • Jordan desecrated graves of the centuries-old Mount of Olives cemetery and used the stones to line pathways to build bathroom facilities for the Jordanian army in the region.
  • For 19 years, the Jordanian occupying forces used Judea & Samaria as a platform for sniper fire into the western portion of Jerusalem, making life for Israelis living over the Green Line insufferable.
  • Jordan resettled some of its citizens to Judea & Samaria
  • At the conclusion of the Six-Day War in June of 1967, King Hussein of Jordan admitted that Jordan was Arab Palestine.
After over two thousand years, the Kotel is once again in the hands of its rightful descendandants, thanks to the bravery of the Israeli soldier
After over two thousand years, the Kotel is once again in the hands of its rightful descendants, thanks to the bravery of the Israeli soldier

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Pre-1948 view of the Old City of Jerusalem, featuring the Porat Yosef Yeshiva and historic synagogues
Pre-1948 view of the Old City of Jerusalem, featuring the Porat Yosef Yeshiva and historic synagogues

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Once Israel reunited Jerusalem in 1967, and gained back its rightful territory in Judea and Samaria, the myth of the ‘Palestinians’ was created in conjunction with the Arab-favoring KGB in an antisemitic political maneuver. Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) realized that Israel could never be destroyed militarily, but that a propaganda war could be launched in academia and within international NGOs.

Those who claim a ‘Palestinian’ ethnicity in Judea & Samaria, occupy two-thirds of the area. Unlike the Jordanians, the Israelis never ethnically cleansed any area of Arabs. Muslims, Christians, and Jews, among others, are able to worship freely at their respective holy places. Decades later, the egregious OSLO Accords (1993) fractured Judea and Samaria into Areas A, B, and C.

Destroyed Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue under the illegal occupation of Jordan
Destroyed Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue under the illegal occupation of Jordan

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Vandalized tombstone from the ancient Jewish cemetary, the Mount of Olives. Under Jordanian occupation the the gravestones were desecrated, dug up, and used for paving stones. The Mount of Olives is now fully restored, and under Israeli control.
Vandalized tombstone from the ancient Jewish cemetary, the Mount of Olives. Under Jordanian occupation the the gravestones were desecrated, dug up, and used for paving stones. The Mount of Olives is now fully restored, and under Israeli control.
Photo source: Courtesy of
Deborah Peretz Photography
IDF tanks making their way into Jerusalem to face the Jordanians
IDF tanks making their way into Jerusalem to face the Jordanians

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Jews being forced to evacuate the Old City of Jerusalem
Jews being forced to evacuate the Old City of Jerusalem

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General Moshe Dayan shaking hands with his counterpart, Abdullah el-Tell of the Jordanian army
General Moshe Dayan shaking hands with his counterpart, Abdullah el-Tell of the Jordanian army

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